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1995~present English-Chinese translator

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1995~2002 Harbin university. Engage in the fields of accountancy, economics, business administration, marketing, etc.


  • Master degree (2003), business administration, Harbin Institute of Technology (among the Top 10 universities in China ).

  • Bachelor degree (1995), accountancy, Harbin University.


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Oct 28, 2008

English Chinese translation samples--Process of outsourcing1

(By freelance Chinese translator li – English to Chinese translation or Chinese to English translation services - website localization– based in Harbin,China)

Deciding to outsource
The decision to outsource is taken at a strategic level(战略层) and normally requires board approval(董事会批准). Outsourcing is the divestiture(剥离) of a business function involving the transfer of people and the sale of assets to the supplier. The process begins with(首先) the client identifying what is to be outsourced and building a business case(业务样板,业务案例) to justify the decision. Only once a high level business case has been established for the scope of services will a search begin to choose an outsourcing partner.

Supplier proposals
A Request for Proposal (RFP,征求计划书) is issued to the shortlist(最终候选人名单) suppliers requesting a proposal and a price. The suppliers are usually chosen based on location and at the lowest possible cost to the company.

Supplier competition
A competition is held where the client marks and scores the supplier proposals. This may involve a number of face-to-face meetings to clarify the client requirements and the supplier response. The suppliers will be qualified out(资格筛选) until only a few remain. This is known as down select(下拉式选择,甄选) in the industry. It is normal to go into the due diligence(尽职尽责) stage with two suppliers to maintain the competition. Following due diligence the suppliers submit a "best and final offer" (BAFO) for the client to make the final down select decision to one supplier. It is not unusual for two suppliers to go into competitive negotiations(竞争性谈判).

The negotiations take the original RFP, the supplier proposals, BAFO submissions and convert these into the contractual agreement between the client and the supplier. This stage finalizes(敲定) the documentation and the final pricing structure.

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