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Jan 9, 2008

IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements

(Edited by freelance Chinese translator li – English to Chinese translation or Chinese to English translation services- financial translation)

IAS(国际会计准则) 1 Presentation of Financial Statements

The objective of this Standard is to prescribe the basis for presentation of general purpose financial statements, to ensure comparability(可比性) both with the entity’s financial statements of previous periods and with the financial statements of other entities. To achieve this objective, this Standard sets out overall requirements for the presentation of financial statements, guidelines for their structure and minimum requirements for their content.

A complete set of financial statements comprises:
(a) a balance sheet;

(b) an income statement;
(c) a statement of changes in equity(权益变动表) showing either:
(i) all changes in equity, or
(ii) changes in equity other than those arising from transactions with equity holders acting in their capacity as equity holders;
(d) a cash flow statement(现金流量表); and

(e) notes, comprising a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory notes.

The financial statements shall be identified clearly and distinguished from other information in the same published document.

Financial statements shall be presented at least annually.

Financial statements shall present fairly the financial position, financial performance and cash flows of an entity. In virtually all circumstances, a fair presentation(公允表达) is achieved by compliance with applicable IFRSs.

An entity whose financial statements comply with IFRSs shall make an explicit and unreserved statement of such compliance in the notes. Financial statements shall not be described as complying with IFRSs unless they comply with all the requirements of IFRSs(国际财务报告准则).

When preparing financial statements, management shall make an assessment of an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. Financial statements shall be prepared on a going concern basis(持续经营假设) unless management either intends to liquidate(清算) the entity or to cease trading, or has no realistic alternative but to do so. When management is aware, in making its assessment, of material uncertainties related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt upon the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern, those uncertainties shall be disclosed.

The presentation and classification of items in the financial statements shall be retained from one period to the next.

Except when a Standard or an Interpretation permits or requires otherwise, comparative information shall be disclosed in respect of the previous period for all amounts reported in the financial statements. Comparative information shall be included for narrative and descriptive information when it is relevant to an understanding of the current period’s financial statements.

Each material class of similar items shall be presented separately in the financial statements. Items of a dissimilar nature or function shall be presented separately unless they are immaterial.

Omissions or misstatements of items are material(实质的) if they could, individually or collectively, influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of the financial statements. Materiality depends on the size and nature of the omission or misstatement judged in the surrounding circumstances. The size or nature of the item, or a combination of both, could be the determining factor. If a line item is not individually material, it is aggregated with other items either on the face of those statements or in the notes. An item that is not sufficiently material to warrant separate presentation on the face of those statements may nevertheless be sufficiently material for it to be presented separately in the notes.

Assets and liabilities, and income and expenses, shall not be offset unless required or permitted by a Standard or an Interpretation.

An entity shall present current and non-current assets, and current and non-current liabilities, as separate classifications on the face of its balance sheet except when a presentation based on liquidity(流动性) provides information that is reliable and is more relevant.

All items of income and expense recognised in a period shall be included in profit or loss unless a Standard or an Interpretation requires otherwise.

An entity shall present an analysis of expenses using a classification based on either the nature of expenses or their function within the entity, whichever provides information that is reliable and more relevant.

An entity shall disclose, in the summary of significant accounting policies or other notes, the judgements, apart from those involving estimations, that management has made in the process of applying the entity’s accounting policies and that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognised in the financial statements.

An entity shall disclose in the notes information(注释) about the key assumptions concerning the future, and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the balance sheet date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year.

An entity shall disclose information that enables users of its financial statements to evaluate the entity’s objectives, policies and processes for managing capital.

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